Construction projects both large and small scale requires the machinery of various types. But you must know your project requirements well before going machinery shopping. By selecting the right type of equipment, you can have increased productivity and reduced risk at the site.
Construction projects are labor-intensive jobs where you need material handling, shifting, and hauling from one point of the site to the other. Similarly for extensive excavation and earthwork, you need a fleet of innovative excavators, loaders, and dump trucks. These are situations in which simple labor or workers cannot accomplish the project manually.
Plus, you have to timely hand over deliverables to clients to avoid penalties and have good business relations. So, it is important that you properly choose the readily available equipment and are suitable for job conditions.
Anyhow, the following are some important types of machinery commonly used in the construction industry:
As the name suggests, these types of equipment are used to dig, move, and dump soil. Every construction project includes earthmoving jobs from clearing and grubbing to excavating and dumping.
The most common type of earthmoving machinery includes excavator, grader, loader, skid-steer loader, scrapers, and backhoe loaders. Among them, the most common is an excavator hire service. it is so common that most construction companies have excavators on their logos. Depending on your site condition and the scope of the job, you have to pick the right type of earthmoving machine.
If your job is in an enclosed area where heavy standard machines cannot go, you need to rely on a compact or mini excavator hire that can undergo such jobs without compromising on the strength and deliverability.
Material handling equipment is among the next most common type of machinery. They include cranes, conveyors, hoists, and forklifts. A crane is the most common of all and is used in large-scale construction projects. A typical crane is equipped with an elevator, ropes or chains, and sheaves. Such an arrangement lets you move and lift materials horizontally and vertically. Contractors use cranes for transport goods, movement of materials and machinery in the construction industry.
Hauling equipment includes tippers, dumpers, trailers, and tankers. This equipment is designed to carry bulk material on and off a construction site. A dumper is an open 4-wheeled vehicle that has load skips in the front of the driver.
Besides earthmoving and hauling machinery, there’s specialized machinery for road and highway projects. It includes compaction equipment like vibratory roller, sheep’s foot roller, and pneumatic tired rollers; road leveling machinery like the grader, and pavement machineries like asphalt paver, concrete paver, vibrators, and bitumen sprayers.
If you are to undertake rigid concrete pavement, you need different nature of the machine while for flexible asphalt pavement, the set of machinery is different. So, it is important that you fully understand the scope of work before picking the machinery.
A lot of construction projects include batching, mixing, transporting, and placing concrete. Such projects require specialized equipment for concrete construction like concrete pumps, transit mixers, power trowels, and hoppers.