How Do Electric Wheelchairs Work

Exactly How Do Electric Wheelchairs Operate?

The most popular kind of wheelchair is a manual wheelchair. And everyone is aware that they require encouragement to move. None of that is required for a wheelchair with an electric motor.

A motorized wheelchair can be controlled in a variety of ways. However, the majority of power wheelchairs rely on the joystick of the user to control mobility. For more on top outdoor all terrain mobility scooters visit Electric Wheelchairs USA.

Parts For Electric Wheelchairs

Let’s examine the various components that determine how an electric wheelchair functions.

The Power Base

The batteries, the motor, the brakes, the wire harness, and the wheels make up the power foundation. The majority of electric wheelchairs have power bases directly beneath the seat.

The Batteries

While most power chairs use rechargeable batteries, the type and number of batteries used are typically determined by the intended use. One 12-volt battery, for instance, is sufficient for an electric wheelchair that is lightweight. Two 12-volt batteries are required to provide the total of 24 volts for heavy-duty wheelchairs. Although there are many various types of batteries, these are the most typical ones.

  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Gel batteries
  • Batteries for absorbed glass mats

The amount of use affects battery life, although lithium-ion batteries are increasingly preferred due to their lengthy lifecycles.

The Motor

A four-pole or two-pole motor can be used in an electric wheelchair. Heavy-duty outdoor wheelchairs are more frequently found with four-pole motors. Two-pole motors are more prevalent in lightweight electric power chairs.

The Wheels

What wheels an electric-powered wheelchair has depends a lot on the terrain. The wheelchairs’ four typical drive systems are listed below.

1. Front-wheel drive

Outdoor terrains are ideal for these drive wheels. So it’s more likely that you’ll see them using power chairs outside.

2. Rear-wheel drive

Only indoor use or level terrain make sense for this technology.

3. AWD (all-wheel drive)

Due to its four-wheel arrangement, they are ideal for rocky terrain. Wheelchair stability and easy maneuverability are provided by the two-drive and four-caster wheels. They are hence the most effective for navigating the small areas in most dwellings.

4. Centre wheel drive

Perfect for usage indoors or on flat surfaces.

5. Track wheels

For wheelchair users who want to go on the most difficult terrain, this design is appropriate.

Control Panel

All of the controls are located in this area of the wheelchair. The direction and speed controls on the panel are either a joystick or a keypad. However, it can be set up to react to voice commands, chin or foot movements, or both. The control panel is typically located on the armrest, depending on the form of the wheelchair.

The Seating Arrangement

The seating system provides postural support in addition to user protection. The majority of wheelchairs include seats with seat belts to keep the user from slipping out. Others offer the customer the opportunity to tilt the seat and alter the seat height.

At Electric Wheelchairs USA, we truly love helping our customers make the best choice for their needs whether it is a power chair, mobility scooter, or lift chair.