• What is the Strongest Chemotherapy Drug for Breast Cancer?

    What is the Strongest Chemotherapy Drug for Breast Cancer?

    The earliest recorded evidence of cancer was breast cancer, and it can be traced back to ancient Egypt. More than 3000 years later, with the expansion of modern medicine, various methods have been developed to combat various diseases, including cancers. While there isn’t a true cure for cancer, various treatments and managements have been discovered that could improve symptoms, prolong life-expectancy, detect them at an early stage and possibly prevent the worsening of the condition.

    When the normal regulation of cell growth is impaired and abnormal cells start forming. If these cells form lumps or growths, they are referred to as a tumour. Tumours become cancerous when they develop secondary growth, spread and affect other parts of the body or its functions. Just like how not every tumour is cancerous, not all cancers develop from a tumour.

    Breast Cancer and Chemotherapy

    Not everyone with breast cancer will benefit from chemotherapy. Depending on the stage and type of the cancer, some may only require surgical removal. Types of chemotherapy can be categorised according to its purpose.

    • Adjuvant Chemotherapy. This refers to chemotherapy given after surgery, as part of the management plan to ensure complete removal of remaining cancerous cells that might not be removable by means of surgery.
    • Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy. This course of chemotherapy is given prior to surgical removal of the cancerous tumour. Its purpose is to shrink the size of the tumour to allow a less invasive surgical procedure, reducing the risk of complications associated with a larger operation.
    • Chemotherapy for Metastasis. In this situation, the cancer has spread (metastasise) to other parts of the body and surgical methods are not possible. Chemotherapy will provide a treatment to different parts of the body affected by the spread.
    • Palliative Chemotherapy. As its name suggests, this course or courses of chemotherapy will be given not as a curative option but for the relief of symptoms to improve quality of life.

    The Red Devil

    The strongest chemotherapy drug is Doxorubicin, also known as the ‘Red Devil’. It is used to treat a range of solid cancers (cancers caused by tumours) including breast cancer, as well as blood cancers like leukaemia and lymphomas. Its name came about due to its bright red colour and the strong accompanying side effects along with its vesicant properties.

    Doxorubicin belongs to the drug class called Anthracyclines. This medication is usually given via the bloodstream (intravenously), and works by blocking the enzyme topoisomerase-2, which slows or stops the growth of cancerous cells. As with most chemotherapy medications, it is usually given as a course of several cycles, and sometimes in conjunction with other chemotherapy agents according to the treatment needs.

    Why do some breast cancer cells survive treatment? - Sciworthy

    The most common side effects of Doxorubicin are alopecia (hair loss), nausea and vomiting. Apart from that, the medication may cause a temporary change in colour of urine to a bright red colour for a day or two after each administration.

    A rare but serious side effect is cardiotoxicity, which is toxicity to the heart. As such, patients with existing heart diseases may not be able to benefit from this chemotherapy medication as it will exacerbate and worsen them. Patients on this treatment will be advised to keep a lookout for any possible symptoms of heart failure which are but not limited to shortness of breath, swelling (oedema) of the ankles and legs, unexplained tiredness and unexplained sudden weight gain.

    Those on Doxorubicin may also experience skin sensitivity and will need extra protection against the Sun. If patients have been previously treated with radiation therapy, the previously exposed area of skin may develop a sunburn-like reaction.


    not all these serious side effects may occur. The healthcare team will always weigh the benefits against the possible side effects of any management plan for each individual patient. Some patients will highly benefit from these strong medications and may be cured after persevering through the treatment course.

    Every management plan for any disease should always consider the treated patient’s opinions, preference and comfort apart from their best interest. A good understanding of the disease, its progression, treatment plans and monitoring will allow better participation and compliance for the best individualised management plan. Discuss all your questions (Soalan) with your trusted physician to aid your understanding and to make informed decisions about your care plan.

  • 11 Tips to Manage a Healthy Pregnancy

    11 Tips to Manage a Healthy Pregnancy

    Pregnancy is a journey full of stressful events and experiences. It is important to manage a healthy pregnancy for the well-being of the mother and baby. Before beginning this new journey, it is important to learn about it. Beforehand information is essential to manage things rightly and to avoid unnecessary anxiety associated with it.

    If not handled properly, it can have serious consequences on the health of the mother and unborn baby. Managing it wisely is the key to a successful journey.

    Tips for Having a Healthy Pregnancy

    1.      Eat Right

    It is important to make the right choices in pregnancy to avoid unpleasant outcomes. During pregnancy, it is not just you, but there is another life associated with your drinking, sleeping, and behaving pattern. It is all going to impact your little one. Avoid eating fatty and junk food. Choosing vegetables, fruits, and whole grains are excellent options.

    These are nutritious sources for mother and baby. It is important to manage good and balanced nutrition as it is linked with healthy brain development in the baby. It is helpful for managing healthy birth weight in the baby.

    2.      Get Your Vitamins

    Gynecologists recommend folic acid supplements right after confirmation of pregnancy. Folic acid is very important to fetal well-being, and its deficiency can lead to serious developmental issues in the fetus.

    Likewise, in the second and third trimester, a regular intake of calcium and iron is advised by a gynecologist. These multivitamins are important for the health and well-being of mother and baby.

    3.      Stay Hydrated

    Dehydration becomes extremely dangerous for a pregnant woman. During pregnancy, a woman needs more water than usual in order to make up for the demand for more fluids in the body. Especially for amniotic fluid, water intake is very crucial. Being low on hydration can become risky for a baby’s well-being.

    4.      Proper Prenatal Care

    Visit your physician regularly. It will allow making sure that things are going smoothly. It enables physicians to analyze if things are normally going. The progress of a healthy pregnancy and baby can easily be analyzed by regular visits. It will help prevent undesirable situations.

    5.      Avoid Certain Food

    It is important to avoid certain food during pregnancy. Raw and poorly cooked meat, eggs, and liver can become a harmful and easy source of bacterial and viral infection. It can lead to food poisoning and other serious infections. Raw and unpasteurized dairy products can also prove harmful. To ensure safe and sound pregnancy, avoid such foods.

    6.      Avoid Alcohol

    Alcohol can prove havoc on the well-being of mother and baby. Women should not drink alcohol before and during pregnancy and during breastfeeding. Too much alcohol can lead to abnormalities in fetal development. It can have an injurious effect on a baby’s health and development.

    The effects of everything, good or bad, consumed by the mother get transferred into the baby’s body through the bloodstream. With support from a partner, this habit can be overcome. It is not easy to give up on alcohol as the craving and desire may trigger soon. Drug treatment by professionals can help in such situations.

    7.      Do Not Smoke

    For a healthy pregnancy, it is important to avoid health-hazardous habits such as smoking. Smoking has serious health consequences for the mother and unborn baby. It can lead to some serious health outcomes, including sudden infant death syndrome, miscarriages, stillbirth, and many other issues.

    Smoking is also linked with some pregnancy complications such as vaginal bleeding, minimized oxygen supply, premature placental detachment, and premature baby birth.

    8.      Staying Active

    Exercise is essential for the health of the body. Moderate exercise is recommended for pregnant women. If not previously active pregnant women must consult a doctor to get started with the exercise regime safely. There are many benefits of exercise, but most commonly, it improves blood circulation, strengthens muscles, improves energy level, relieves backache and constipation.

    Low impact exercises such as aerobics, brisk walking, and swimming are important for a healthy heart, lungs, and muscles. Kegels and squatting are perineal strengthening exercises and can prove helpful during delivery.

    9.      Weight Gain

    A healthy weight gain in pregnancy is expected, and it is also essential to manage a gradual and steady weight gain. How much to gain is an important question to ask. It depends on a number of factors. Pre-pregnancy weight will set parameters of healthy weight gain.

    For women having normal weight gain before pregnancy are recommended to gain between 25-35 pounds. It is important to monitor weight gain if a woman is obese before pregnancy, as excessive weight gain during pregnancy can lead to gestational diabetes.

    10.  Stay Clean

    It is very important to practice personal hygiene during pregnancy, especially during the COVID-9 pandemic. The habit of washing hands frequently can help to prevent several bacterial and viral infections, which can prove harmful for both mother and unborn baby. Using a hand sanitizer can also help prevent germs from going into the body through hands.

    11.  Know When To See A Doctor

    If you are pregnant for the first time, then it is very important to know what is normal during pregnancy and what things need immediate medical care. It is essential for the well-being of both mother and baby. If a woman observes such signs, then she should visit a doctor without any delay

    • Constant nausea and vomiting
    • Pain lasting too long
    • Vaginal bleeding
    • Contractions coming more often
    • Dizziness
    • Shortness of breath
    • Decreased baby activity 


    There are a number of important points that are essential to keep in mind in order to manage a healthy pregnancy. Be steady in your approach and handle things tactfully. Learning about this journey is very important and will prove helpful to go with the flow. Following some steps discussed above can prove handy in sustaining a healthy pregnancy.

  • Drug and Alcohol

    Drug and Alcohol Rehab in Los Angeles

    The most prevalent addiction types in Los Angeles are heroin, methamphetamine, prescription drugs, marijuana, alcohol, and cocaine.1 A predicted 8.4% of people aged 12 and older in Los Angeles County are diagnosed with a substance use disorder. A Los Angeles drug rehab helps affected by substance use.

    Of the 42,700 people in Los Angeles who were later treated for drug use disorders, 40.3% reported heroin as their primary drug problem. This was followed by methamphetamine (21.6%), alcohol (13.4%), marijuana (13.9%), prescription drugs (6.0%), and cocaine (3.7%).1 The number of primary heroin admissions in Los Angeles progressed by 98% from 2007 to 2016.1

    In Los Angeles County, 19% of citizens aged 12 and older report having abused prescription drugs already in their lifetime. An approximated 11.2% of Los Angeles County inhabitants who misuse prescription drugs have encountered an overdose. Between 2017 and 2018, 7,940 individuals in Los Angeles County received treatment for alcohol use dysfunction.

    Drug Treatment Programs at Los Angeles drug rehab can assist in treating Xanax addictions, opioid addictions, heroin addictions, and so much more. Our trained medical staff is competent in every step of the recovery process, from the clinical detox to addressing the source of your addiction head-on.

    Los Angeles is home to A-list celebrities, fun museums, shopping hotspots, and miles of inviting relaxing beaches. This southern California city is the most crowded in the state. The second-most congested city in the entire U.S. Inhabitants and visitors to Los Angeles are found just minutes away from Hollywood, Santa Monica, and Long Beach have a way to ferociously fun attractions like Disneyland and Universal Studios.

    Los Angeles is widely known for its moderate climate and boasts a yearly average high temperature of 75 degrees and 57 degrees. The weather is typically warm and dry, though rainfall gives some moisture between October and May. In downtown Los Angeles, the average seasonal rainfall is between 14 and 15 inches.

    The Griffith Observatory, Runyon Canyon Park, the Hollywood Walk of Fame, Third Street Promenade, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art are among the top attractions in this famous West Coast city. No affair your interests, Los Angeles is obliged to meet your desires as they pertain to the outdoors, shopping, and fun things. You can spend the day at one of the city’s numerous stunning beaches, hike the Griffith Park trail, or hang out in downtown Hollywood to discover your favorite celebrities.

    Los Angeles prides itself on having one of the country’s best public transportation networks: subways and shuttles to approximately everywhere in the Greater Los Angeles area. Health-conscious individuals have the option of walking or riding their bikes to nearby destinations. Ride-sharing services are also possible in Los Angeles to accommodate those who want more privacy than public transit networks without driving their vehicles.

    Our Los Angeles drug rehab give a range of specific treatments to assist you to recover. We provide group therapy sessions, one-on-one therapy sessions, neurofeedback lessons, life skills, and new therapies like EMDR.